Posted on Wednesday, September 17, 2014
Hepatitis is a virus that affects the liver. The virus is of two types - Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B. Hepatitis A is contracted when consuming contaminated food and water, while Hepatitis B is spread through blood and bodily fluids.
According to the statistics by the World Health Organization (WHO), two billion people worldwide have been infected with the Hepatitis B virus and about 6 lakh people die each year as a result of Hepatitis B infection.
The quirky fact about carrier hepatitis is that it remains asymptomatic. One may live with it, unaware of the infection until a hepatitis-B test is done or a serious liver ailment occurs. The common symptoms of Hepatitis B are jaundice, loss of appetite, vomiting and nausea. If you know of someone suffering from jaundice, make sure you get the person tested for Hepatitis B.
Hepatitis A virus spreads through contaminated food and water.
Hepatitis B virus is transmitted through sexual intercourse. Blood and saliva of the infected person can also be responsible for the transmission of the Hepatitis B virus.
As Hepatitis virus can be passed on from a pregnant mother to her child, it is very essential to do Hepatitis tests when one is expecting.
Estimates indicate that annually over 100,000 Indians die due to illnesses related to Hepatitis virus infection. The lowest prevalence rate has been observed in Chandigarh and highest prevalence rate has been observed in Chennai.
For any infectious disease, ‘prevention’ is the key to reducing its worldwide incidence. Some of the challenges facing prevention of Hepatitis are:
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