Allergies can really disrupt the entire routine of our lives. We have to think twice before going out and if we do, we need to watch what we eat. The best way to deal with allergies is to know what triggers them.
Common triggers of an allergic reaction
- Pet Dander
- Certain Plants and Pollen
- Bee stings / insects bites
- Certain medications
- Hives (itchy red spots on the skin)
- Nasal congestion
Symptoms that indicate a severe allergy :
- Abdominal pain
- Pain or tightness in the chest
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Dizziness (vertigo)
- Swelling of the face, eyes, or tongue
- Flushed face
- Fear or anxiety
- Nausea or vomiting
- Heart palpitations
- Difficulty in breathing
Identifying the triggers:
An allergy specialist (allergist) can help find the exact cause of your allergy through:
- Skin testing - the most common diagnostic method that involves exposing the skin to various substances and observing reactions over time.
- Specific IgE (immunoglobulin E) blood tests to identify IgE antibodies that relate to specific antigens or triggers.
- Tests involving removal of suspected allergens and then re-introducing them to see if a reaction occurs.
- Blood test for allergy checks for antibodies against a possible allergen (An antibody is a protein the body produces to fight harmful substances)
How Is an Allergic Reaction Treated?
Allergies can be managed by consciously avoiding contact with suspected triggers and medical help. However, if a person shows symptoms of an allergy all of a sudden, immediate medical help is mandatory. Remember, some allergies can even prove fatal.
Consult a dermatologist
Consult a pulmonologist