Posted on Friday, February 13, 2015
Malnutrition is a condition in which the body is undernourished or consumes more nutrition than needed. Undernourishment is when the body does not get adequate vitamins, minerals and other nutrients adequately. When this happens, the body becomes weak and starts losing weight, leading to stunted growth and loss of energy.
On the other hand, over nutrition means consuming nutrients over and above the required limit. This can lead to obesity, which in turn increases the risk of type 2–diabetes, hypertension and cancer.
Malnutrition has become a serious issue, especially among children and the elderly. A malnourished person’s body finds it difficult to resist diseases and grow. Even routine tasks become difficult, and learning abilities too get affected.
Malnutrition can also lead to complications in pregnancy and decrease production of breast milk. Hence it is crucial for pregnant women to eat a healthy diet that fulfills the body’s daily requirement of vitamins, minerals and other essential nutrients.
The cause of malnutrition is a diet lacking in nutrients. The reasons leading to lack of nutrition can be social, psychological and physical issues.
Malnutrition can lead to various health concerns, including:
The only thing that can help avoid malnutrition is a healthy and balanced diet. One which includes all the necessary nutrients. To get all the nutrients, all the food groups should be included in a diet, which are fruits and vegetables, starchy foods (Rice, bread, potato, pasta, cereals etc), milk and diary products (Cheese, yogurt etc) and non diary products (Eggs, fish, meat, nuts etc). Remember, a good and healthy diet is always the secret to good immunity, good health and a good life.
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