Autism: Know The Signs
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by deficits in social communication and interaction, along with repetitive, restrictive patterns in behavior, interests and activities. The term “spectrum” helps understand the concept of autism better, as the intensity, symptoms and behaviours vary considerably in each person. Children (and adults) with autism can have varied capabilities ranging from cognitive and language impairments (nonverbal and asocial) to superior cognitive and language abilities (those who pursue studies and career). In addition to learning and cognitive impairment, autism can also lead to sensory and feeding problems.
Early Signs Of Autism In Babies
Seek medical advice if you notice that your baby does not:
Seek immediate evaluation by your child’s pediatrician if your baby does shows delays in achieving the following developmental milestones
Signs Of Autism In Older Children
As children get older many warning signs and symptoms emerge, but they are usually related to impaired social skills, speech and language incapability, non-verbal communication difficulties and rigid behavior.
Signs Of Social Difficulties
Signs Of Speech And Language Difficulties
Signs Of Nonverbal Communication Difficulties
Signs Of Inflexibility
Follows a rigid routine
Difficulty in adapting to any changes in schedule or environment
Abnormal attachment to toys or even odd objects like keys, light switches etc.
Lines up/arranges things in a certain order
Narrow topic of interest, often involving numbers or symbols (like memorising and reciting facts about maps etc.)
Watching moving objects or focusing on one specific part of an object Repeats the same actions or movements over and over again like rocking or twirling (self-stimulatory behavior, or “stimming”)
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