Kidney Diseases: Know More
We’re born with two kidneys. Made up of 1 -1.5 million nephrons (tiny filters) each, our kidneys perform the complex task of filtering the blood in our body. They remove the excess water, toxins and waste substances/ chemicals as urine.
However, even slightest damage to the kidneys can lead to toxin and fluid build-up in the body, which in turn can cause permanent kidney damage.
How a healthy kidneys function:
Kidney failure or the inability of the kidneys to perform the above functions can be classified into two:
1. Acute Kidney Diseases
If the kidneys stop working all of a sudden, it is termed as acute kidney injury or acute renal failure. This can be due to conditions including:
The causes of these conditions can be:
2. Chronic Kidney Diseases
When the kidneys haven’t functioned normally for more than 3 months, it called chronic kidney disease. The symptoms of chronic kidney disease might not appear until there is almost 80% damage. However, earlier the detection, easier it is to treat.
This condition may require dialysis or kidney transplant.
- You will need to check your urine for protein and glucose levels, detect blood in the urine
- Keep a regular check of your blood pressure levels
- Blood checks including HbA1C and Creatinine
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