Male Infertility: What You Should Know
Infertility is defined as inability of a couple to conceive (have a baby) even after one year of unprotected sex. The field of infertility management is advancing rapidly, which means accurate diagnosis, effective treatment and improved outcomes.
- Worldwide estimates say that more than 15% of couples are affected by male infertility
- The cause of infertility in unknown in almost 24% people who belong to this segment
- Diseases and disorders like Varicoceles (enlargement of the veins on a man’s testicles); diabetes; cystic fibrosis, trauma, infection and testicular failure are some of the main reasons for infertility
- Chemotherapy, exposure to radiation, heavy drinking and smoking can also cause infertility.
- Infertility in men can be evaluated through semen analysis, which assesses the number of sperm (concentration), motility (movement), and morphology (shape).
- A slightly abnormality in the semen analysis does not mean that a man is infertile.
- A detailed evaluation should be done after consulting a Urologist.
- The treatment manage infertility includes medical, surgical and assisted reproduction modes, depending on the underlying cause .
- Medical and surgical treatment for infertility including procedures for sperm retrieval is managed by a Urologist/ Andrologist.
- If there is a hormone-related issue (complex endocrine abnormalities) that’s detected in the primary evaluation, an Endocrinologist too will be involved in the treatment.
- In most of the cases, infertility can be treated effectively with the help of consistent treatment and advanced medical technology .