Book a Tele Consultation Book an OP Appointment Contact Us

Scoliosis In Children: How Corrective Surgery Can Transform Lives

Jun 25, 2018, 6:00:00 AM


​Twelve year old Riya* was a loner. She didn’t like making new friends, she hated the idea of going for family functions, she disliked things that children of her age loved. The reason was her body. She had developed an abnormally bent, deformed spine – a condition called scoliosis. This made her back look disfigured and gait (style of walking) - abnormal. She feared that people would make fun of her.

When Riya’s parents brought her for a check-up, their apprehensions were many. People had made them believe that surgical correction of the condition may not be safe, as operating on the spine could lead to complications including paralysis. So the first thing that had to be set right was their unfounded fear. They were counselled about the severity of Riya’s condition and how a corrective surgery would transform not just her body, but her life itself.

After much deliberation, they finally decided to opt for the surgery as Riya’s condition was going from bad to worse. Two days into the surgery, Riya looked at herself in the mirror. The awe, the joy on her face said it all. Her parents were in tears. A week later, Riya left the hospital, with a big smile on her face. She was finally ready live a normal life.​

What Exactly Is Scoliosis?​

​Scoliosis is a condition wherein a person’s spine or back is curved like an “S” or “C”.

​Worldwide estimates say that 3 out of every 100 people have some form of scoliosis, which either be congenital (deformity by birth), acquired or age-related.

The severity of scoliosis differs from person to person. For those with minor scoliosis, the curve may not pose any problem at all. However, if the curve is severe or visible, it can lead to several complications including disfigurement, pain, breathing difficulties, heart problems and damage in the joints of the spine. ​

​Early detection and correction is the key to effective management of scoliosis. Early correction (surgical / non-surgical) can make a huge difference to the treatment outcome in childhood scoliosis, as it is easier to rectify the deformity in younger children.

​What Causes Scoliosis?

Scoliosis can occur in both children and adults. The most common type of scoliosis in children is Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis – “idiopathic” because the exact cause is not known. Adolescent scoliosis is seen more in girls than in boys.​

The known causes of scoliosis include:​

​Congenital or by birth defects

Spinal tumours​

Infection or spinal injury​

​Age-related degeneration of the spine

​Hereditary syndromes which can be associated with other birth defects

​How Is Scoliosis Diagnosed?

​In most cases, the scoliosis curve will be visible – which means that the spine, when viewed from the back, will curve into a “C” or “S” shape.

​In children, early stages of scoliosis may not be painful at all. The child may not be able to see or feel the problem. The abnormality in body shape and gait is usually detected by family members or teachers, who closely interact with the child.

However, as the scoliosis progresses with time, there will be visible changes in the body symmetry and shape. Many teenagers with scoliosis have one shoulder blade that’s higher than the other or an uneven waist that creates a tendency to lean to one side. ​

​Diagnosis based on age:

Infantile idiopathic scoliosis - in children aged 0 to 3. ​

Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis – in children aged 4 to 10. ​

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis – in children / adolescents aged 11 to 18.​

​How Is Scoliosis Evaluated?

Scoliosis is a condition that’s treated by spine surgeons. ​

​The spine surgeon will examine of the spine to evaluate / measure the severity of the scoliosis curve in degrees (Cobb Angle).

An MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) of the spine may be done if the condition is not thought to be idiopathic ​

​If the scoliosis curve is about 10 or 15 degrees, there’s no treatment that’s required, except for regular check-ups till puberty. Usually, the spinal curvature does not worsen once the growth spurt is over.

​If the curve is between 20 to 40 degrees, a back brace may be recommended.

​If the cobb angle is 40 to 50 degrees or more, surgical correction is the only option as the curve(s) will continue to worsen with time.

How Is Scoliosis Treated?​

Non-Surgical Management​

In some cases, children with scoliosis may require to wear a back brace – a holding device that helps prevent worsening / progression of spinal curves. Earlier, back braces used to be heavy, cumbersome and with obvious non-compliance in teenagers. With rapid advancement in design and technology, back braces have become lighter, comfortable and user-friendly for children of all ages. ​

There are different types of back braces available . Some braces have to be worn for 18 to 23 hours a day, while others need to be used only during the night. A back brace cannot make the spine straight, the only thing it can do is prevent progression / further worsening of the spinal curve and minimise the need for surgery. ​

​If the scoliosis is severe, the patient may require to undergo a correction surgery even if he or she is wearing a brace.

​Surgical Correction Of Scoliosis

Scoliosis spine surgery is the most effective way to correct visible deformities of the spine, as it rectifies the body shape and gait, relieves the patient of associated health complications, instils self-confidence and empowers him or her to lead a normal life. ​

​The surgeon will also use metal implants (rods and screws) that are typically made of Titanium to correct the curve and hold the spine together till the bones heal.

These metal implants are placed deep inside the spine muscles, are not painful or even felt. Scoliosis correction surgeries can take several hours based on how bad the curve is and how many bones need to be fused. But the results are life-changing. ​

Before & After Surgery​


Before & After Surgery ​


Is Scoliosis Surgery Safe?

The field of spine surgery is evolving by the day. New technology, innovative surgical techniques, state-of-the-art instruments and high-quality implants have made spine surgery safer than ever before. Besides, highly advanced intra-operative technology like spinal cord monitoring helps the surgeon read / assess the spinal cord function, while the surgery is in progress. This technology has transformed scoliosis corrections surgery in preventing leg weakness or paralysis. In short, contrary to what many people think, spine surgery, including scoliosis correction, is safe and effective.

When Can The Patient Move And Walk After The Scoliosis Surgery?

A patient who has undergone scoliosis correction will be mobilised (made to get out of bed and walk) on the day after the surgery.

How Long Does It Take To Recover From Scoliosis Surgery?

If everything goes well and patient is recovering as expected, he or she will be discharged within a week.

Children can get back to school about a month later. Most children recover fully and return to normal activities within 3 to 6 months.

The time for recovery will differ from one person to another, depending on the body type, severity of condition and type of surgery.

The bones will typically fuse within a year. Though metal implants are not needed after the bones fuse, they are left in the patient’s back as they don’t do any harm and taking them out would involve another surgery.

Patients who have had scoliosis surgery need to follow a regular exercise plan as it will strengthen their back and help them live a normal, active life.

Patients should adopt healthy eating practices - eating balanced, nutritious meals, on time can help avoid excessive weight gain and stay fit.

It is also very important not to miss periodic post-surgery check-ups. These check-ups help the surgeon assess the level of recovery and ensure that everything is fine.

Does Scoliosis Surgery Affect Pregnancy And Delivery?

Scoliosis spine surgery does not pose any risk to pregnancy, child bearing or delivery.In fact, the risk in pregnancy is high if the scoliosis is not corrected, as it can lead to many complications in both the mother and the child. Hence it is advisable to treat / correct the scoliosis as early as possible to prevent deformity and related health issues.

The Centre of Excellence in Neurosciences at Aster Medcity offers expert treatment for all spine related problems, including scoliosis / spinal deformity correction, in both children and adults. We have the most advanced range of medical technology and clinical support, to ensure best possible outcomes.

To know more:

*name changed to protect patient privacy / medical confidentiality.

Related Articles

Other Articles

Blog 600x427 62 womenshealth

Know All About Endometriosis

Mar 10, 2021, 6:30:00 AM

Blog 600x427 aster toi

The way we think of cancer: what needs to change?

Feb 5, 2021, 7:51:00 AM

Blog 600x427 61 covid pregnancy

Pregnancy in COVID times: When you’re expecting during a pandemic

Jan 13, 2021, 9:16:00 AM

Blog workingwomen

Working Women’s mental health in a ‘new normal’ of COVID era

Dec 7, 2020, 4:52:00 AM

Blog healthysncks

WFH And Healthy Snacking – What Healthy Snacking Looks Like

Dec 4, 2020, 10:34:00 AM

Blog skincaremiddleages

Skin Care in Middle Aged Women

Nov 30, 2020, 4:13:00 AM

Blog skincare adolescent

Skin care in adolescent girls and young ladies

Nov 27, 2020, 4:13:00 AM

Skin Care Elderly Women blog

Skin Care for Elderly Women

Nov 23, 2020, 4:30:00 AM

Psychological blog

Psychological problems faced by men of different ages and ways to deal with them

Nov 20, 2020, 4:15:00 AM

Blog 600x427 54 thyroid

Managing Thyroid Health with Key Nutrients

Nov 16, 2020, 4:15:00 AM

Blog health summer

Healthy Summer Treats for Kids: They will actually demand for more of these

Nov 13, 2020, 4:36:00 AM

Covid 19 and Diabetesblog

Covid-19 and Diabetes: Expert tips and diet plan

Nov 9, 2020, 5:00:00 AM

Cancer care blog

Cancer Care During Covid-19

Nov 7, 2020, 9:30:00 AM

Best stretching exercises blog

Best stretching exercises to stay fit at home

Nov 4, 2020, 1:01:00 PM

Blog osteoporosis clinic

Osteoporosis-Silent thief-BeAware

Oct 15, 2020, 11:21:00 AM

Blog 600x427 dizziness


Jul 22, 2020, 6:41:00 AM

Blog 600x427 dilemmas of working women

Lifestyle Choices : Understanding dilemmas of working women

Jun 16, 2020, 4:09:00 AM

Blog 600 x 427 limb reconstruction 1

What is limb reconstruction ?

May 25, 2020, 8:52:00 AM

Blog 600 x 427 abnormal foetal echo


May 25, 2020, 8:51:00 AM

Blog 600 x 427 congenital heart diseases


May 25, 2020, 8:47:00 AM

Blog 600 x 427 covid 19 pandemic

How to take care of your health amidst COVID 19 pandemic

May 25, 2020, 8:43:00 AM



Oct 14, 2019, 4:08:00 AM

Blog 600x427 1 GYNECOMASTIA


Oct 2, 2019, 4:04:00 AM

Blog 37 600 x 427 heart disease

Congenital Heart Disease (CHD): What You Should Know

Sep 27, 2019, 6:51:00 AM

Blog 36 600 x 427 Alzheimers

Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease

Sep 23, 2019, 5:58:00 AM

Blog 600x427 3 Cosmetic

Cosmetic Surgeries After Weight loss

Sep 18, 2019, 4:10:00 AM

Blog 35 336 x 337 may20 new

High Blood Pressure and Your Health

May 20, 2019, 8:30:00 AM


Glucose Meters are Your Ally

Jul 11, 2018, 6:30:00 PM


Chemical Peel: Discover Radiant, Youthful Skin

Jun 26, 2018, 6:30:00 AM


Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): A Growing Epidemic in Kerala

Jun 12, 2018, 6:00:00 AM



May 25, 2018, 6:00:00 AM


World Health Day 2018

Apr 6, 2018, 6:00:00 AM


Understanding Autism Helps Early Detection

Mar 29, 2018, 5:30:00 AM


Have The Right Amount Of Carbohydrates And Fats To Keep Your Heart Healthy

Mar 20, 2018, 5:30:00 AM


Cancer In The Elderly: Adopting A Holistic Approach

Mar 14, 2018, 5:30:00 AM


Women And Kidney Diseases

Mar 7, 2018, 5:30:00 AM



Feb 15, 2018, 5:30:00 AM


Epilepsy: The Reality

Feb 9, 2018, 5:30:00 AM


Cancer- no more a crab!

Feb 2, 2018, 5:30:00 AM


Pulmonary Rehabilitation: Helping People With Lung Diseases Live An Active Life

Jan 17, 2018, 3:00:00 PM


Obesity In Indians

Nov 24, 2017, 2:00:00 PM


Diabetes- What We Should Know?

Nov 14, 2017, 2:00:00 PM


Pneumonia: What You Should Know?

Nov 11, 2017, 1:30:00 PM


9 Ways To Prevent Neck Pain

Oct 17, 2017, 12:30:00 PM


The Simple Step To Good Health

Oct 12, 2017, 12:30:00 PM


Angioplasty for Chronic Total Occlusions (CTOs)

Sep 29, 2017, 12:10:00 PM


Understanding Alzheimers disease

Sep 21, 2017, 12:00:00 AM



Sep 9, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Polycystic Ovarian Disease

Aug 30, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Cancer Of The Cervix And How To Prevent It

Aug 19, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Key Hole Spine Surgery: Making Spine Surgery Easier

Jul 28, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Vitiligo: What You Should Know

Jun 29, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Kidney Transplantation - A Second Chance At Life

Jun 27, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Dialysis: A Life Sustaining Treatment For End Stage Kidney Failure Patients

Jun 19, 2017, 12:00:00 AM


Understanding Carotid Endarterectomy

Jun 13, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Laparoscopic Surgery: What To Expect

Jun 2, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery

Jun 1, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Back Pain In Children: Never Ignore The Problem

May 31, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


The Diabetic Foot: A Surgical Perspective

May 30, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Chronic Kidney Disease: The Silent Killer

Apr 20, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Laser Surgery: The Effective Way To Treat Prostate Enlargement

Apr 19, 2017, 12:00:00 PM


Male Infertility: What You Should Know

Apr 5, 2017, 11:30:00 AM


Prostate Cancer: Ten Facts You Should Know

Apr 4, 2017, 11:30:00 AM


Walking on metal knees

Feb 22, 2017, 10:30:00 AM


Are You Sleeping Well?

Feb 21, 2017, 10:00:00 AM


Complex Coronary Angioplasty

Feb 20, 2017, 10:30:00 AM


Good Mental Health: An Overview

Feb 15, 2017, 10:30:00 AM


How does ‘bad’ cholesterol affect brain function?

Sep 6, 2016, 10:30:00 AM


Some Types of Blood Pressure Medications

Sep 6, 2016, 10:00:00 AM


IBD: Do you know the signs and symptoms?

May 31, 2016, 10:00:00 AM


Colorectal Cancer: What You Should Know

May 26, 2016, 10:00:00 AM


Healthy tips for your heart’s sake

Mar 17, 2016, 10:12:00 AM


Adding years to life after a coronary artery bypass surgery

Mar 10, 2016, 10:09:00 AM


What you need to know about osteoarthritis

Mar 4, 2016, 10:00:00 AM

Didyouknowthecausessymptomsandtreatmentoptionsfor Tetanus

Tetanus : what you should know

Mar 25, 2015, 10:00:00 AM


Stomach Cancer : Be Informed

Mar 19, 2015, 10:00:00 AM

Howtorecognizesignsof Depression

Depression : Overcome it!

Mar 17, 2015, 10:00:00 AM


Smile healthy

Mar 11, 2015, 10:00:00 AM


Chicken Pox : How to manage the infection

Mar 9, 2015, 9:30:00 AM


Gastric Ulceration - Causes, Risk Factors and Symptoms

Mar 2, 2015, 9:30:00 AM

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Feb 26, 2015, 9:30:00 PM


Neck Pain: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Feb 25, 2015, 9:21:00 AM


PET/CT Scan: A New World of Diagnosing and Treating Patients

Feb 23, 2015, 9:30:00 PM

All You Need To Know About Cervical Spondylosis

All You Need To Know About Cervical Spondylosis

Feb 18, 2015, 9:30:00 PM

Whydo Panic Attacks Happen

Why do Panic Attacks Happen?

Feb 17, 2015, 6:30:00 PM


Malnutrition : facts you should know

Feb 12, 2015, 6:30:00 PM


Advanced medical linear accelerators help fight cancer faster, smarter and with precision

Feb 4, 2015, 6:30:00 PM


February 4: World Cancer Day

Feb 3, 2015, 9:00:00 PM


Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Risk Factors

Feb 2, 2015, 8:51:00 AM


Bells Palsy: Symptoms, Causes and Risk Factors

Jan 26, 2015, 6:30:00 PM


Changing The Experience Of Surgery

Jan 23, 2015, 8:34:00 AM


Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

Jan 21, 2015, 8:31:00 AM


Health Tips for Pregnant Women

Jan 16, 2015, 7:34:00 AM


Tips to tackle burns instantly and minimize scarring

Jan 12, 2015, 7:27:00 AM


Dengue : Stay Protected

Jan 7, 2015, 6:47:00 AM


Rabies: Causes, Symptoms and Protection

Jan 5, 2015, 6:46:00 AM


Dyslexia Guide for Parents and Teachers

Dec 30, 2014, 6:45:00 AM

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Signs, Triggers and Remedies

Dec 22, 2014, 6:44:00 AM


Lower back pain: Causes and Symptoms

Dec 19, 2014, 6:43:00 AM


Bronchitis: Symptoms, Causes and Precautions

Dec 16, 2014, 6:41:00 AM


How To Deal With Allergies

Dec 11, 2014, 6:40:00 AM


Does Prolonged Cold Indicate A Sinus Infection?

Dec 5, 2014, 6:30:00 AM


What to expect from a Knee Replacement Treatment?

Dec 3, 2014, 6:29:00 AM

Dec1_World AIDSDay

World AIDS Day - December 1

Dec 1, 2014, 6:28:00 AM


Malaria – Symptoms, Causes and Facts

Nov 27, 2014, 6:27:00 AM


Keep your home germ-free

Nov 25, 2014, 6:26:00 AM


Tackling Dandruff

Nov 19, 2014, 6:24:00 AM


Tips to stay healthy during winters

Nov 17, 2014, 6:22:00 AM


Healthy living and Diabetes

Nov 14, 2014, 6:20:00 AM


Breast-feeding reduces the risk of diabetes in children

Nov 12, 2014, 6:19:00 AM


Schizophrenia : Symptoms, Causes and Myths

Nov 10, 2014, 6:18:00 AM


Asthma : Causes, Symptoms & Self-Help Tips

Nov 4, 2014, 6:17:00 AM


Vaccination : keep your child healthy

Oct 31, 2014, 5:58:00 AM


Take care - children tend to swallow dangerous objects!

Oct 28, 2014, 5:39:00 AM


5 signs of ear infection in children

Oct 25, 2014, 5:38:00 AM


Celebrate a healthy and safe Diwali!

Oct 22, 2014, 5:36:00 AM


October 20 : World Osteoporosis Day

Oct 20, 2014, 5:35:00 AM


How to avoid feeling sleepy in the afternoon.

Oct 17, 2014, 5:05:00 AM


A great day begins with a healthy breakfast

Oct 15, 2014, 5:04:00 AM


World Arthritis Day: Get a free check-up* at Aster Medcity

Oct 11, 2014, 6:30:00 PM


Understanding ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)

Oct 10, 2014, 11:11:00 AM


Protect your hair against sun damage

Oct 7, 2014, 11:03:00 AM


Migraine – Symptoms, Triggers and Treatment

Oct 1, 2014, 11:02:00 AM


Call Aster Heartline: Start caring for your heart

Sep 29, 2014, 11:01:00 AM


Only you can take care of yourself.

Sep 24, 2014, 11:00:00 AM


Are demands of modern life making women unhealthier?

Sep 22, 2014, 10:59:00 AM


Kidney Stones Causes and Remedies

Sep 19, 2014, 10:51:00 AM


Hepatitis A and B – Symptoms, Transmission and Prevention

Sep 17, 2014, 10:50:00 AM


Sweet fact: Chocolates are good for you.

Sep 15, 2014, 10:49:00 AM


Too strict on your kids? They can become obese!

Sep 10, 2014, 10:48:00 AM


Are you a diabetic? Make sure you don't fall prey to these 7 problems.

Sep 8, 2014, 6:41:00 AM


7 Fertility Myths Couples Need to Stop Believing

Sep 5, 2014, 6:40:00 AM


May your eyes live on.

Aug 27, 2014, 6:39:00 AM


10 myths on eye donation: let’s see the reality!

Aug 8, 2014, 6:38:00 AM

Copyright © Aster DM Healthcare 2019. All rights reserved.