Stroke: The After-Effects
A condition that affects the functioning of the brain, stroke can lead to loss of physical, emotional and cognitive abilities.
The after-effects of a stroke can be temporary or lifelong. From physical disabilities to loss of vital functions to depression, strokes can be devastating.
- The common physical after-effects of stroke include weakness, numbness and stiffness.
- The other conditions include:
- Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing
- Fatigue or tiredness or lack of energy
- Foot drop or difficulty lifting up the front the foot, which leads to drag of toes when walking
- Hemiparesis or muscle weakness to one side of the body
- Incontinence or lack of ability to control your bladder and/or bowel movements
- Paralysis or lost ability to control one’s muscles
- Seizures and epilepsy: episodes of involuntary spasms or convulsions post stroke
- Sleeping problems
- Spasticity or limited coordination/ muscle movement/ painful muscle spasms in the arms and legs
- Decreased eyesight
Stroke can have hidden after-effects like emotional changes due to physical effects of brain damage including: Anxiety
- Sense of loss
- Pseudobulbar effect (outburst of laughing or crying)
Effects On Cognition
Damage to the brain after a stroke can cause many changes to cognition or the process of thinking, knowing and understanding things.
This may include:
- Aphasia or difficulty when speaking, understanding speech, reading and writing
- Memory loss
- Vascular Dementia or problems with reasoning, planning judgment, memory or other thought processes